Kuwongolera Kwathunthu kwa Ndalama Zoyenera Kwa alendo Alendo ku India Opita ku Visa ndi Alendo Akubizinesi ku India

Katemera Alendo aku India

Kudalirika

Makampani opanga zokopa alendo ku India ndizofunikira kwambiri ndipo amazindikiridwa ndi Boma la India. Makampaniwa amapanga 6.6% ya dziko Zamkatimu Zamkatimu Zamkatimu (GDP) pafupifupi. Ulendo wapadziko lonse wopita ku India akuyembekezeka kukhazikika pachimake pachaka cha ∼8% kuzaka zonse zikubwerazi kumabweretsa ambiri ku alendo ku India. Zili ndi izi

Chiwerengero chonse cha alendo ndi abizinesi omwe akubwera Visa yaku India yakula mpaka 15 miliyoni. Pafupifupi 8% ya alendo akufika ku India amafuna chithandizo chamankhwala paulendo wawo kapena atapita ku India; Zomwe zimayambitsa ndi matenda otetezedwa ndi antibody. Alendo aku India amatha kuperekedwa ku matenda osiyanasiyana osaletseka; Matenda obwera chifukwa cha madzi, okhudzana ndi madzi, komanso zoonotic atha kutumizidwa ku India komwe matenda samapezeka.

Bungwe Loona za Umoyo Padziko Lonse (World Health Organisation (WHO)) likuwonetsa kuti mlendo aliyense wapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi ku India ayenera kukhala ndi chidziwitso chofunikira pokhudzana ndi zinthu zomwe zimachitika nthawi zonse. Zolembera za India Visa omwe ali ndi alendo okacheza ku India zimadalira magawo ochepa monga zimanenedwera ndi zaka za alendo a ku India Visa, mbiri ya katemera, zovuta zomwe zilipo, nthawi yayitali, zofunikira zovomerezeka zokacheza ku India, Mtundu wa Visa adapempha, kuti adzacheze zokonda za amwenye, komanso nthawi yochezera ku India. Alendo aku India Visa akuyenera kupangana ndi katswiri wa zamankhwala kotero kuti pali nthawi yokwanira yokwaniritsira mapulani oyenera a inoculation. Mosasamala kanthu komwe akupita ku India, wina ayenera kudziwa za momwe angayambire matenda enaake omwe angayambitse matenda kapena matenda. Palibe chotsimikizika kuti Katemera wachepetsa kapena wafafaniza matenda ambiri omwe amachititsa kuphedwa kapena ana osachiritsika komanso ana akuluakulu okha zaka zingapo zapitazo. Chifukwa chake, Boma la India lipempha alendo onse ku India kuti abwere kudzawona kapena kupitirira Visa Wamalonda waku India Ayenera kutenga ma antibodies omwe ali ndi vuto lililonse asanapite ku India.

Ulendo wapadziko lonse kupita ku India kwakhala kosavuta kwambiri ndikuyambitsa zamagetsi Indian Visa Paintaneti (eVisa India) mzaka khumi zapitazi, zomwe zimalimbikitsa ndalama komanso kutukula makampani azoyenda mwachangu. World Travel and Tourism Council idawulula izi Makampani oyendayenda aku India adapanga zopindulitsa ziwiri pazachuma ndipo yapatsa India malo achitatu pantchito zapaulendo ndi zokopa alendo.

Zachikulu kwambiri ku India Indian Visa Yachipatala Ntchito zokopa alendo zikuyembekezeka kukula pakukula kwa 30% pachaka. Alendo aku India amatha nthawi zambiri komanso Nthawi zambiri amakhudzidwa ndimatenda oyenda ndi madzi (kuthamanga, enteric fever, kwambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda a chiwindi), matenda okhudzana ndi madzi (nkhalango, dengue, Japan encephalitis), matenda a zoonotic (matenda a chiwewe), komanso matenda osautsa (matenda a malungo). Kuunikira kwa matenda omwe angathe kupewetsa anti-virus kumadziwika kuti ndi nkhani yofunikira kwambiri yoyenda paulendo. Kulabadira alendo aku India Visa kumatha kupulumutsa moyo ndipo ndi maziko a chitetezo pamiyambo yosangalatsa kapena ulendo wamalonda ku India.

WHO ikutsimikizira kuti mlendo aliyense ku India akuyenera kudziwitsidwa bwino za katemera wamba, yemwe amasinthasintha monga akuwonetsera zaka za alendo aku India, mbiri ya katemera; Matenda omwe alipo kale, kutalika, zofunikira pakulowa m'mayiko omwe akuyendera, zomwe amakonda alendo aku India Visa, komanso zomwe ali nazo. Mlendo ku India akuyenera kukalangiza ndi madotolo patadutsa milungu inayi kapena isanu ndi umodzi asanapite ku India kuti pakhale nthawi yokwanira yokwaniritsa mapulani abwino a katemera.

Indian Visa Online (eVisa India) imakonda kubereka m'masiku anayi antchito.

Katemera Wanjira

Mosasamala komwe mukupita, Center of Disease Control (CDC) ikulamula kuti mupeze mayendedwe azitetezo musanapite ku India. Achikulire ambiri aku America omwe amalandila chithandizo chamankhwala tsopano alipo pamfuti izi, zomwe zimaphatikizapo chikuku-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-lockjaw pertussis, varicella (chickenpox) ndi katemera wa polio. Dziwani kuti munthu aliyense amene amalandira mankhwala oteteza ku lockjaw amayeneranso kuti amuthandize ngati wotchi, kapena posachedwa munthuyo akavulala.

Center for Disease Control (CDC) ikulingaliranso kuti kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a msimu uno adawombera njira imodzi yodziwika bwino yomwe munthu aliyense wamkulu akamayenera kupita ku India.

WHO Ikulimbikitsa Ma Katemera Apaulendo Apaulendo ku India (Komanso Kukhala Pamwamba Pakadali Pano ndi Maya, Mumps, ndi Rubella Vaccinations).

Kukulitsa diphtheria ndi Katemera wa Lockjaw

Izi sizokwera kwambiri ngati sizinachitike kuti mlendo wazaka 10 zapitazi. Zizindikiro zimakhalapo ngati ululu pamalo obwera ndi kutentha thupi.

Katemera wa Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A imakhala matenda othandizira chiwindi omwe amafala kudzera muzakudya ndi zakumwa komanso kudzera pakhungu pakhungu ndi munthu yemwe ali ndi vuto. Kudya zopanda pake, zosasambitsidwa kapena kuphika pang'ono, kapena kumwa pompopompo kapena madzi abwino, kumakupatsani chiopsezo chotenga matenda a hepatitis A mukamadutsa madera ena adziko lapansi.

Mayiko ochepa - kuphatikiza Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Australia ndi mayiko aku Western Europe - ali olamulira bwino ndikuchotsa matenda a hepatitis A. Mulimonse, kwa omwe aku India Visiteli Visa ndi omwe akufuna kudzafika ku India, Center for Disease Control (CDC) ikuvomereza kuti ilandire mankhwala a Hepatitis A ngati sichichitidwa kale kwawo. Chomwe chimakhala chodabwitsatu ndichakuti kupeza Katemera uyu asanaperekedwe ku India kumafuna kudziwitsidwa koyamba. Amaperekedwa mumiyeso iwiri, adalekanitsa theka la theka, motero muyenera masiku 180 kuti mutetezedwe mokwanira kwa Hepatitis A.

Popeza izi zidaperekedwa pafupipafupi kwa onse obadwa kumene ku United States ndi maiko ena otukuka kuyambira 2005, omwe ali ndi mwayi wocheperako ku India wa Visa amathanso kupatsidwa katemera wa hepatitis A.

Katemera wa hepatitis B

Pakadali pano amaganiza kuti ndizabwinobwino kwa omwe ali ndi India ambiri omwe amapita ku Visa. Katemera uyu amaperekedwa kwa borth, ali ndi miyezi itatu komanso komanso miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Kusachedwa kwa nthawi kumapangidwanso ngati kuphatikizika kwa Hepatitis A. Kuchitikirana kumakhala kwapadera komanso kofatsa, kawirikawiri kupweteka kwa m'matumbo ndi kupweteka kwapakati pa infusion. Mlingo wopulumuka ndi 95%.

Katemera wa Cholera

Cholera ndi matenda ena omwe amafala kudzera muzakudya zoperewera ndi madzi. Tizilombo ta kolera tating'onoting'ono timapezeka ku India konse. Kupita ku malo ena a ku India kutanthauza kuti kuwonetsera kumakhala kotheka kuposa ena, kotero kuti ngakhale mutapita kudera lomwe lakhala ndi gawo lomwe limangopanga lingaliro lanu loti mukulumikizana ndi michere ya kolera.

Imwani madzi amchere, ndipo Pewani madzi ampopi ku India. Ndi matenda osazolowereka ndipo akatswiri amatha kuwachiritsa moyenera, komabe, kupezako mankhwalawa kumatha kukhala kofunikira musanatuluke. Cholera imayambitsa matumbo ambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti odwala aziuma kwambiri. Ngati sangathe kupita kuchipatala msanga, matendawa amatha kupha. Potsatira izi, ngati mukufuna kupita kukaona gawo la India lomwe lakhala likupezeka kolera kapena komwe sikutali, Katemera uyu ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri.

Katemera wa polio wakumwa ndi pakhungu (OPV)

Kuyambira Januware 2014, mankhwalawa ndi ofunikira kwa alendo onse aku India Visa omwe akupita ku India kuchokera ku Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Israel, Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, ndi Somalia kuti atenge OPV pafupifupi masabata asanu ndi limodzi asanakwere ku India. OPV ndi yowononga kwambiri kwa chaka chimodzi kuchokera pomwe idapangidwa. Mndandanda wamtunduwu udutsa mayiko atatu omwe apatsidwa ndi WHO. Wamkulu aliyense amene amalandira katemera woyenera wa ana sanapeze wothandizila ngati wamkulu ayenera kupatsidwa gawo limodzi la katemera wa poliyo wosagwira. Ana onse ayenera kusinthidwa m'matenda a polio, ndipo aliyense wamkulu yemwe sanamalize katemera ayenera kuchita izi asanafike ku India ngati alendo.

Katemera wa typhoid

Matenda a typhoid ndi matenda owopsa. Thupi la typhoid limaperekedwa kwa onse omwe ali ndi Visa ku India ku India, mosasamala kanthu kuti amangopita kumatauni. Katemera wowombera m'modzi uyu amapereka chitsimikizo cha %70%, chimakhalabe zovomerezeka kwa zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu. Mapiritsi kuwonjezera pamenepa amapezeka kuti akuwongolera pamimba yopanda anthu katatu kuti akhale othandiza. Mulimonsemo, kulowetsako nthawi zambiri kumayikidwa kuti sikuti kumachitika pang'ono. Katemera wa jakisoni ndiwofunika pakulowa pakamwa ndi anthu omwe ali ndi pakati komanso mthupi.

Katemera wa Varicella

Katemerayu amalimbikitsa alendo omwe amapezeka ku India ku Visa opitilira chaka chimodzi. Ndikulimbikitsidwa kwa iwo omwe alibe mbiri yodzaza ndi nthomba kapena kuyesa magazi komwe kumawonetsera kusagwirizana. Anthu ambiri omwe amavomereza sanakhalepo ndi vuto la nthomba akayesedwa ndipo samayenera kuvutikira ndi anti-anti. Odwala a Varicella sayenera kuperekedwa kwa anthu omwe ali ndi pakati kapena osatetezeka. Katemera wa varicella amadziwikiranso anthu okhala ndi ma Visa ku India omwe amakhala ndi nthawi yayitali (omwe akufuna kukhala ku India kwa mwezi wopitilira) kapena iwo omwe ali pachiwopsezo chapadera.

Katemera wa ku Japan wa encephalitis

Katemera uyu amalamulidwa kuti azikulunga kwa nthawi yayitali (iwo amene akufuna kupitilira mwezi umodzi ku India) India alendo oyendera malo a Visa omwe ali ndi zigawo kapena alendo aku India omwe angatenge nawo gawo lotetezedwa kunja m'malo akumidzi, makamaka usiku, nthawi yayifupi .

Njira yovomerezera iyenera kumalizidwa mu zochitika zilizonse masiku asanu ndi awiri asanalowe ku India kuti ikhale yothandiza. Zodziwika bwino kwambiri zimachitika ndikusintha kwa minyewa, kupsinjika kwa minofu, kupweteka ndi kukondera kwa kulowetsedwa. Sikulimbikitsidwa kwa azimayi oyembekezera ndi amayi oyamwitsa.

Katemera wa Meningococcal

Katemera uyu amaperekedwa ngati kulowerera kwaokha. Katemera wachinayiyu akupereka chitetezo chokwanira zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu kwa India komanso alendo.

Mankhwala a Malungo

Zowopsa za malungo zilipo padziko lonse lapansi, makamaka m'maiko otentha ndi otukuka kumene. Malo onse ndi mayiko aku India, kupatula omwe akukwera kwambiri, adawulula matenda am'matumbo. Center for Disease Control (CDC) imaganiza kuti omwe ali ku India Tourist Visa ku India atha kuchita ngozi yoopsa yakudwala matumbo.

Matendawa amafala kudzera mu udzudzu wa jekeseni, motero kutenga njira zoteteza ndi gawo lalikulu lopewa matenda. Kuphimba khungu, kugwiritsa ntchito zolimba pakudya, kugwiritsa ntchito zovala ndi zida zogwirira ntchito ndi permethrin, ndikupuma pansi pa ukonde wa udzudzu ndi njira zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuchepetsa mwayi wanu wopeza Malungo.

Palibe antibody to Forestall Malaria, alendo aku India Visa atha kutenga njira yothetsera vuto la mankhwala a malari popita ku India ndi kukacheza. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zonona pakhungu, udzudzu komanso udzudzu kuti mudziteteze ku matendawa.

Katemera wa Rabies

Matendawa ndimatenda oyipitsa a virus. The kudwala sikachilendo ku India Alendo aku Visa, komabe zoopsazi zimachulukana ndizitali komanso zimatalikirana komanso kuthekera kwokhudzana ndi nyama. Anti anti akufotokozedwera India Visa Visa omwe amagwira omwe akufuna kufufuza kunja.

Alendo aku India a Visa omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha kulumidwa ndi agalu kapena nyama zolumikizana (ma veterinarian ndi othandizira zolengedwa), alendo ataliatali a India Visa amachita masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe angawathandize kulumikizana mwachindunji ndi nyama. Ana amawonedwa pangozi yayikulu popeza nthawi zambiri amasewera ndi nyama, amatha kumayamwa kwambiri, kapena sanganene kuti zikuluma.

Kulumwa ndi chilombo / galu kumayimira zochitika zambiri za chiwewe ku India, pomwe ma bulugi ochokera kumiyendo, akambuku, ngamila, ndi civet waku India mwina amatha kupatsira matenda a chiwewe. Cholengedwa chilichonse chomwe chikugunda chimayenera kutsukidwa ndi madzi oyeretsera ndi madzi ambiri, ndipo akatswiri odziwa bwino zaumoyo ayenera kufikiratu mwachangu ngati angathe kulandira chithandizo chamankhwala. Kukhazikitsidwa kwathunthu kumakhala ndi mitundu itatu ya 3 yomwe imalowetsedwa m'misempha yovunda m'masiku a Zero, masiku asanu ndi awiri, masiku makumi awiri ndi limodzi ndi tsiku la twente eyiti.

Muyenera kulandira katemera wa matenda a chiwewe ngati alumidwa kapena kukwapulidwa ndi galu ku India.

Katemera wa Yellow fever (YF)

Mayiko ambiri amafuna 'chitsimikiziro cha inoculation kapena prophylaxis' chodziwika ndiopereka chithandizo cha katemera wa YF wa India Tourist Visa kuchokera kudera loipitsidwa. Maupangiri okhudza thanzi la ku India atha kufunsa umboni wa kulowererapo kwa Yellow fever (YF) pomwe iye akuwonekera kuchokera ku Africa kapena South America kapena madera ena a Yellow fever (YF). Umboni wa inoculation uzofunikira pokhapokha ngati munthu wayendera fuko ku YF zone mkati mwa masiku asanu ndi limodzi asanalowe ku India . Aliyense (kupatula pa makanda mpaka zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi zakubadwa) wowonekera popanda kuvomerezedwa kapena umboni ngati atapita m'masiku asanu ndi limodzi atalowa India, kapena kuyenda kudera lina, kapena kuwonekera pa sitima yapanyanja yomwe idayamba kuchokera kapena kulumikizidwa pa doko lililonse lomwe lili ndi chiopsezo cha kufalikira kwa YF kufikira masiku makumi atatu lisanawonekere ku India, pokhapokha ngati bwatilo litayeretsedwa malinga ndi njira yomwe bungwe la WHO likulembera mpaka masiku asanu ndi limodzi.

Katemera wa Yellow fever (YF) amayenera kuyang'aniridwa pakulimbikitsa katemera wa Yellow fever (YF), komwe kumapereka katemera aliyense wogwirizidwa ndi Chitetezo cha Dziko lonse. Katemera wa YF sayenera kuperekedwa kwa iwo omwe ali osakwana miyezi isanu ndi inayi, oyembekezera, osatetemera, kapena oteteza mazira. Zomwezo siziyenera kupatsidwanso kwa iwo omwe ali ndi maziko a matenda a thymus kapena thymectomy. Katemera sanatchulidwe kapena kufunikira kwa omwe ali ndi India Visa Visa omwe akuwoneka ovomerezeka ochokera ku North America, Europe, Australia, kapena mayiko ena aku Asia.

Kaya akupita ku India, munthu ayenera kuzindikira kuti kuwonetsa tizilombo tating'onoting'ono kumatha kubweretsa matenda. Palibe chikaikiro kuti ma antibodies achepetsa kapena kutaya matenda ambiri omwe amapundula ana ndi akulu zaka zingapo zapitazo. Momwemonso, Omwe ali ndi Visa ku India amayenera kutenga ma antibodies omwe adalipo pokonzekera ulendo wopita ku India.


Onetsetsani kuti mwayang'ana kuyenerera kwanu India eVisa.

Nzika zaku United States, Nzika za United Kingdom, Nzika zaku Canada ndi Nzika zaku France mungathe lembani intaneti ku India eVisa.

Chonde funsani India Visa masiku 4-7 musananyamuke.